Zaid: What is behind the particular quality of a guru’s method which seems to require the question and answer system as a means of imparting teaching?
Abdullah: It allows the teacher to keep a close check on the progress of the pupil and is used in conjunction with other methods, such as Abdullah putting you and Abdul together. For any progress there must be struggle; where there is no struggle people go to sleep. Questions give a good indication of a pupil’s state, especially his identifications, limitations and attachments. When Abdullah sees you are getting too screwed up on one tack he directs you on another, thus helping you to find some balance.